Environmental Science, Policy & Engineering Program (ESPE)
Waste Management and Recycling
Lectures: TTH 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM, Wold-028. Lab
TH 1:55 - 4:45 PM, Wold-028.
Introduction to various sources of hazardous, non-hazardous,
biodegradable, and non-biodegradable waste materials. Focus areas
are landfill systems, geosynthetics, geotextiles, geomembranes,
geonets, single clay liner, single geomembrane liner, composite
liner systems, leak detection and leachate collection, removal
and treatment of leachate, and capping and closure systems. The
recycling segment will explore natural resources of raw materials
including origin and use, and potential and limitation for
recycling of materials. Focus on various applications of
recycling recyclable and non-recyclable materials. Discussion of
methods of manufacture and compositions of such materials will
concentrate on advanced industrial applications for the reuse of
non-recyclable waste materials. Application areas include
production of new materials, materials with superior qualities
for special purposes, and materials with high level of resistance
against certain environmental conditions. The course will also
touch on the political aspect of recycling including consumer
attitude and government incentives to encourage recycling. Three
class hours and a weekly lab, WAC credit. Prerequisite ENS100 (Introduction
to Environmental Studies) or GEO102 (Environmental Geology).
- Assignments = 20%
Reports = 20%
- Term Test (6th
week) = 20%
- Term Paper & Presentation = 20%
- Final Examination
|90+ = A
||85+ = A-
||80+ = B+
||75+ = B
||70+ = B-
||65+ = C+
||60+ = C
||55+ = C-
||50+ = D
- Attendance of exams is mandatory.
- If you must miss the midterm test due to extraordinary circumstances beyond your control (a letter from the Dean of Students will be required in this case), your 20 points of the midterm test will be automatically transferred to the final exam, i.e., your final will be graded out of 40 points. No makeup for the midterm test will be allowed for any reason. If you miss the midterm without a supporting letter from the Dean of Students, there will be 5 points penalty.If you must miss the final exam due to extraordinary circumstances beyond your control (a letter from the Dean of Students will be required in this case), your grade in the course will be prorated based on the components of your term work. No makeup for the final exam will be allowed for any reason.
- Due date for assigned course work will be announced in class. Late submission is assessed at -1 point per day or part thereof.
- The academic performance of the students in this course will be held to the standards of Union College's Honor Code.
- Students with disabilities will be accommodated as per Union College's Policy.
Worrell, W., and Vesilind,
P.A. (2017). "Solid Waste
Engineering: A Global Perspective" 3rd Edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 1305635205.
and cardboard recycling facility, Albany.
salvage and recovering facility, Green Island.
tires conversion and recycling facility, Niskayuna.
facility, Hudson Falls.
County wastewater treatment and sludge composting
and electronic waste recycling facility, Scotia.
- Direct shear test
demonstration using geosynthetics.
OF LAB REPORT
The sites of field trips are selected to
show the students a wide variety of facilities involved in waste
management, recycling, treatment, and waste-to-energy production.
These visits are intended to be educational and informative. To
get the most out of these field trips, students are expected to
document every visit in a site-visit report. Students are
encouraged to ask tour guides questions, inquire about details of
operation, learn about the advantages and disadvantages of shown
processes, and seek explanation for how various functions work.
The report should contain all technical and non-technical
information related to the visited facility: name, location,
function, capacity, operation, products, by-products, and any
information deemed necessary for a comprehensive report. In
addition to written text, students may include in their reports
tables, graphs, charts, figures, and site photos.
The lab sessions that will be conducted in
the college lab are designed to study some of the specifications
of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) related
to waste materials and containment systems. The lab report should
include a cover page with the name of the student(s), course and
standard specification titles, and date. The report itself shall
contain the objective of the standard and procedure. The report
should emphasize the technical aspect of the standard. Emphasis
of grading will be placed on the technical content of the report
as well as clarity, creativity, and correctness of writing.
TERM PAPER "COME
Come Clean is a research-based
paper with focus on waste management systems and recycling
techniques. The goal in this paper is to research in depth one
of the subjects listed below. Students can also research a
subject not listed below but the instructor's approval is
required in this case. Students may survey case studies that
document effective and economical methods of waste containment as
well as successful projects of recycling that resulted in a
reduction in waste that goes into landfill. The paper may also
offer a study of environmental compliance of a site with the
standard specifications of the American Society for Testing and
Materials (ASTM, see specifications cited below) and/or the
regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Acid Rain
- Agriculture waste
- Ash (waste of waste)
- Carbon emissions
- Chemical and biochemical treatment
- Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act
- Composting and biological treatment
- Construction and demolition wastes
- Containment systems
- Energy recovery and thermal treatment
- Environmental impacts
- Facility siting and transfer stations
- Final landfill post-closure use
- Groundwater contamination
- Hazardous (nuclear/radioactive) waste
- Household hazardous
- Industrial waste
- Integrated waste management
- Liners, caps, gas, and leachate
- Medical waste
- Metal recovery
- Mining and mineral waste
- Municipal waste
- Ozone depletion
- Paper and pulp
- Recycling of waste in new materials
- Risk Assessment
- Scrap tires
- Environmental site assessment
- Settlement of landfills
- Solid waste dust
- Toxins and dioxins
- Waste collection
- Waste composition
- Waste generation
- Waste reduction
- Waste to energy
- Each student is free to choose the
subject they like to research but a given subject may not be
selected by more than one student. Students in this course come
from many departments and some may wish to address in their
paper a problem that is closely related to their major since
the problems of waste containment and recycling techniques have
many environmental dimensions. Students may also wish to explore
a new field of interest or use a theme or a subject that has
intrigued them (policy, regulations, environmental law,
economics, politics, ethics and environmental justice, public
perception, attitude, and opinion, etc.). All subjects
must be selected by the end of the seventh week and be submitted for instructor's approval.
- This Waste Management & Recycling course
covers a wide variety of topics. Whether it is a containment
system or a recycling project, the requirement for an in-depth
technical study is always present. Furthermore, one should also
ensure the sensibility and foundational premise of the project in
order to gain public acceptance.
- The literature is rich with examples of
projects that transformed the public's perception of waste and
the general attitude towards recycling. Recycling is no longer a
choice; it is a necessity for an enduring and sustainable
environment. Students are to report in depth on their selected
subject and offer a careful analysis of all involved factors.
Students may also wish to concentrate on how recyclable materials
can be used in the manufacture of conventional products or to
impart certain properties that can improve traditional materials.
- Students may
collect the materials (technical and non-technical) for their chosen project
from one or more of the following sources (in no specific order): the Internet, publications,
professional journals, magazines, textbooks, movies, documentaries, and all
other credible sources including interviews with knowledgeable and
- Students are
required to cite in their paper all the sources they used in their
research in the form of "References", "Bibliography", Works Cited", "Footnotes", or any standard method of citation. Internet sites are cited using the address (URL) of those sites.
All other references are to be cited with the name of author, year, title of
paper or book, page, and publisher.
- Students are
responsible for checking the accuracy of materials obtained from Internet
sources. Many Internet sources are not peer-reviewed and may lack
credibility. Remember that in this day and age, any one can publish anything
on the Internet. This does not qualify published materials to be worthy of
an academic endeavor such as a term paper.
On the Saturday that precedes the tenth week of the term, the
final electronic paper of the project is due. There is no minimum or maximum limit for papers. Students may wish to supplement their paper with proper photos, pictures, tables, graphs, charts,
and figures. Any supplementing materials must be referenced at least once in the text of the paper.
Students taking this course will receive Science/Engineering/Technology (SET) credit. For this credit, Union College states "Classroom presentations and discussion will promote critical thinking to enable students to evaluate evidence, results, and claims related to the natural sciences or technology and their impact on broader human or societal issues. Classroom activities will also demonstrate logical reasoning through quantitative analysis (e.g., calculations, programming, graphical analysis). Furthermore, there will be illustration of scientific methodology and arguments will be constructed to create appreciation of engineering principles and issues." In their written papers and in their oral class presentation, students are expected to highlight and detail principles similar to those listed above. The grade in this term paper will be assigned based on the quality and depth of thought, organization, and relevance of content to the subject under consideration, understanding, clarity of presentation, and demonstration of ability to address questions with comprehension.
Frank. (1997). Why do we recycle: markets, values, and public
policy. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Anne-Christine. (1995). Degradable Polymers, Recycling, and
Plastics Waste Management. CRC.
Randall T. (1994). Waste-to-energy in the United States: a social
and economic assessment. Westport, Conn: Quorum Books.
Sadhan K., Isayev, Avraam, and Khait, Klementina. (2004). Rubber
E. M. (2008). Blubberland: the dangers of happiness. Cambridge,
Mass.: MIT Press.
Matthew. (1994). Recycling and the politics of urban waste. New
York: St. Martin's Press.
Bruce A. et al. (1992). Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology.
L. Shah (2000). Basics of Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Technology. Prentice Hall.
Om Prakash. And Stallworthy, E.A. (1990). Waste management:
towards a sustainable society. New York: Auburn House.
Frank and Tchobanoglous, George. (2013). Handbook of Solid Waste
Management. Avery Publisher.
H.F. (2001). The McGraw-Hill Recycling Handbook. Second Edition,
Larry S. (1996). The politics of garbage: a community perspective
on solid waste policy making. Pittsburgh, Pa: University of
Richard C. (2002). The economics of waste. Washington, DC:
Resources for the Future.
- Nathanson, Jerry and Schneider, Richard (2014). Basic Environmental Technology: Water Supply, Waste Management and Pollution Control, Pearson.
- Pichtel, John (2014). Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, CRC Press.
William L. and Murphy, Cullen. (2001). Rubbish!: the archaeology
of garbage. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Heather. (2006). Gone tomorrow: the hidden life of garbage. New
York; London: New Press: Distributed by W.W. Norton &
George, Theisen, Hilary, and Vigil, Samuel A. (1993). Integrated
Solid Waste Management. McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.; International
Paul T. (2006). Waste treatment and disposal, Chichester, West
Sussex, England; Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2nd ed.
Mitchell (ed.). (2007). Garbage and recycling. Detroit:
Standard American Society for Testing
and Materials (ASTM) Specifications
- D6008-96 (2014)
Standard Practice for Conducting Environmental Baseline Surveys.
Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I
Environmental Site Assessment Process.
Standard Practice for Limited Environmental Due Diligence:
Transaction Screen Process.
(Historical Standard) Standard Guide for Development and Implementation of a Pollution
Standard Guide for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II
Environmental Site Assessment Process.
Standard Guide for Property Condition Assessments: Baseline
Property Condition Assessment Process.
- E2060-06 (2014)
Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products for
Solidification/Stabilization of Inorganic Wastes.
- E2081-00 (2015)
Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action.
Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including
Institutional and Engineering Controls.
- E2107-06 (2014)
Standard Practice for Environmental Regulatory Compliance Audits.
Standard Guide for Estimating Monetary Costs and Liabilities for
- E2173-07 (2016)
Standard Guide for Disclosure of Environmental Liabilities.
Standard Terminology for Coal Combustion Products.
- E2205-02 (2014)
Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action for Protection of
Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I
Environmental Site Assessment Process for Forestland or Rural
Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Coal Ash Structural
Standard Guide for Environmental Compliance Performance
Standard Guide for Integrating Sustainable Objectives into Cleanup.
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